I would like to acknowledge the following information sources used in compiling this educational resource.

Australian Ants Online:

Louisiana State Arthropod Museum (very comprehensive!)

Christmas Island:

Yellow Crazy Ants:



I would also like to thank the Centre for Microscopy and Microanlysis (CMM) at the University of Queensland for use of their sample preparation equipment and Scanning Electron Microscope.

The specimens were critical-point dried at the CMM using liquid carbon dioxide. They were then glued to microscope mounts and coated with platinum in a sputter-coater before being imaged in the JEOL 6460 LA Scanning Electron Microscope at the CMM.

Other educational resources are available online at

If you have any queries I can be contacted via email at

Duncan Waddell (webEM, XTAL Enterprises)


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